Fires Were Started

Directed by Humphrey Jennings


Directed by Derek Jarman

Fires Were Started, Humphrey Jennings’ only feature film, is a docudrama centered around a real group of heroic firefighters as they extinguish the destructive blazes of war; Derek Jarman’s Jubilee follows a group of nihilistic punks who love nothing more than to set anything ablaze. In both films the spirit and mettle of the directors’ respective Britains are on display, and Jennings’ heart-heavy optimism is starkly opposed by Jarman’s bitterness. A mythic inferno opposes the British spirit, but may also be the only way to access it as it slips away, and both Fires Were Started and Jubilee explore this in contrasting but similar ensemble narratives.


  • Fires Were Started

    Directed by Humphrey Jennings.
    With Philip Dickson, George Gravett, Fred Griffiths.
    UK, 1943, 35mm, black & white, 63 min.
    Print source: British Film Institute

  • Jubilee

    Directed by Derek Jarman.
    With Jenny Runacre, Neil Campbell, Toyah Willcox.
    UK, 1978, DCP, color, 106 min.
    DCP source: British Film Institute

Part of film series

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Poets of Pandaemonium:
The Cinema of Humphrey Jennings and Derek Jarman