Synaesthetic Cinema:
Minimalist Music and Film
Chumlum and others

Chumlum and The Invasion of Thunderbolt Pagoda are two of the more purely psychedelic films of the sixties. Chumlum was filmed during breaks in the production of Jack Smith’s Normal Love and captures a who’s who of the downtown underground, including Smith, Francis Francine, Beverly Grant (later married to Tony Conrad), and Warhol associates Gerard Malanga and Mario Montez. Smith appears again in Invasion, where the swirling colors, shapes and textures of Chumlum are sent into overdrive, blasting toward a psychedelic and synaesthetic space; MacLise’s soundtracks work with the overpowering visuals to drive the viewer toward an hypnotic state.


  • Chumlum

    Directed by Ron Rice.
    US, 1964, 16mm, color, 23 min.
    Print source: Film-maker's Cooperative
  • Straight and Narrow

    Directed by Tony and Beverly Conrad.
    US, 1970, 16mm, black & white, 10 min.
    Soundtrack by John Cale and Terry Riley.
    Print source: Film-maker's Cooperative
  • The Invasion of Thunderbolt Pagoda

    Directed by Ira Cohen.
    US, 1968, video, color, 22 min.
    Soundtrack by Angus MacLise.
  • In Between the Notes

    Directed by William Farley.
    US, 1986, digital video, color, 28 min.

Part of film series

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Synaesthetic Cinema:
Minimalist Music and Film